Urban Invertebrates: Butterflies and Moths

Butterflies

Active in the daytime, they have club-shaped antennae and their wings are held upwards when at rest.

Ecological function: pollinators, prey-predator relationship

Level in food chain: primary consumer

Feeding behaviour: herbivore (when caterpillar), nectarivore

Microhabitat: trees and shrubs where they can rest, flowering plants where they can feed

Moths

Active at night, they have antennae with various shapes and their wings are flat when at rest.

Ecological function: pollinators , prey-predator relationship

Level in food chain: primary consumer

Feeding behaviour: herbivore (when caterpillar), nectarivore

Microhabitat: trees and shrubs where they can rest, flowering plants where they can feed.