Species Guide: Common Fruit Trees

Limau Purut

A wrinkled fruit and two-parted leaves of Citrus hystrix. Photo by Goh Shang Ming

Common name: Kaffir Lime

Malay name: Limau Purut

Scientific name: Citrus hystrix

Conservation status: Cultivated, Native to Malaysia


A shrub or tree that grows 3-12 m tall. Stems are thorny, crooked and thin. Leaves are dark green, glossy and pinched in the middle. Fruits are round to egg-shaped, often has a nipple-like structure at the tip. Fruit skin is wrinkled and bumpy, turns from green to yellow before dropping from the tree.

A shrubby, many-branched limau purut tree. Photo by Goh Shang Ming

Habit: Perennial shrub or tree

Cultivation: It is planted by seeds, cuttings or air-layering

Ecological function: It is a food plant for Atlas Moth caterpillar. The flowers of this plant attract pollinators.

Pollinator: Honeybees

Soil: Loamy soils

Moisture: Moist, well-drained, fertile soils

Shade: No data

Use: Fruits are edible. Leaves and fruit peels are used as flavouring.

By ShangMing

A plant lover. I like small, medium, gigantic, ordinary, exotic, local, foreign plants. Just because they thrive to stand out.