Common name: Guava
Malay name: Jambu Batu
Scientific name: Psidium guajava L.
Conservation status: Cultivated, Naturalised, Introduced (Central America and northern South America)
A tree that reaches up to 10 m tall. Tree bark is smooth and copper-coloured. Leaves are egg-shaped, fragrant and oppositely arranged. Flowers are white, with 4-5 petals. It produces round, egg-shaped or pear-shaped fruits with a crown-like structure. The fruits turn from green to yellow when ripe.
Habit: Perennial tree
Cultivation: It is planted by seeds, cuttings or grafting
Ecological function: The flowers of this tree attract pollinators. Its fruits are eaten by fruit-feeding animals. It is hardy and drought-tolerant. It provides shade. It is useful for vertical layering in home gardens and permaculture.
Pollinator: Insects, mainly honeybees
Soil: Sand, loam, clay, organic soils
Moisture: Moist, well-drained soils
Shade: No shade, light shade
Use: The ripe fruit is eaten raw or served as salad or dessert.