Species Guide: Common Fruit Trees


Jackfruit is the largest of the tree fruits. Photo by Goh Shang Ming

Common name: Jackfruit

Malay name: Nangka

Scientific name: Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam.

Conservation status: Cultivated, Native to Malaysia


A tree that can reach up to 25 m tall. Tree crown is irregular. Leaves are elliptic, leathery, with short, pointed tip. Flowers are compacted in cluster known as head. Fruits are pear-shaped, with pyramidal warts.

A jackfruit tree with its irregular crown. Photo by Goh Shang Ming

Habit: Perennial tree

Cultivation: It is planted by seeds or grafting

Ecological function: As this tree is deep-rooted, it helps to increase soil fertility and improve soil structure, thus aiding in control of flood and erosion. It is shade-providing and is useful for vertical layering in home gardens.

Pollinator: Flies, beetles

Soil: Sand, loam, clay

Moisture: Well-drained soils

Shade: Partial shade. It needs increasing light level as it matures

Use: The ripe fruits are edible.

By ShangMing

A plant lover. I like small, medium, gigantic, ordinary, exotic, local, foreign plants. Just because they thrive to stand out.