Common name: Jackfruit
Malay name: Nangka
Scientific name: Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam.
Conservation status: Cultivated, Native to Malaysia
A tree that can reach up to 25 m tall. Tree crown is irregular. Leaves are elliptic, leathery, with short, pointed tip. Flowers are compacted in cluster known as head. Fruits are pear-shaped, with pyramidal warts.
Habit: Perennial tree
Cultivation: It is planted by seeds or grafting
Ecological function: As this tree is deep-rooted, it helps to increase soil fertility and improve soil structure, thus aiding in control of flood and erosion. It is shade-providing and is useful for vertical layering in home gardens.
Pollinator: Flies, beetles
Soil: Sand, loam, clay
Moisture: Well-drained soils
Shade: Partial shade. It needs increasing light level as it matures
Use: The ripe fruits are edible.