Species Guide: Common Fruit Trees


Mango fruits. Photo by Goh Shang Ming

Common name: Mango

Malay name: Mangga

Scientific name: Mangifera indica L.

Conservation status: Cultivated, Naturalised, Introduced (Indian subcontinent)


A tree that grows up to 45 m tall. It has an upright, columnar trunk. Leaves are spirally-arranged, long and slightly elliptical. The flower clusters can consist of about 3000 tiny, whitish flowers. The fruit is is yellowish green or red, egg-shaped and single seeded.

A mango tree with its dense, bushy crown. Photo by Lee Li Chong
The flower cluster of mango tree. Photo by Goh Shang Ming

Habit: Perennial tree

Cultivation: It is planted by seeds or grafting

Ecological function: The flowers of this tree attract pollinators. Its fruits are food source for birds and mammals. Its crown provides shelter for wildlife

Pollinator: Bees, bats, flies, ants

Soil: Sand, loam, clay, organic soils

Moisture: Well-drained soils

Shade: No shade

Use: The unripe fruits are made into pickles while the ripe fruits are eaten raw or made into dessert.

By ShangMing

A plant lover. I like small, medium, gigantic, ordinary, exotic, local, foreign plants. Just because they thrive to stand out.