Common name: Durian
Malay name: Durian
Scientific name: Durio zibethinus L.
Conservation status: Cultivated, Native to Malaysia
A large tree that grows up to 25-40 m tall. It has aboveground roots. Tree crown is large and irregular. Leaves are pointed and alternately arranged. The upperside of leaves is green and glossy while the underside of leaves is silvery or bronze. It bears clusters of bright yellow flowers on branches. The flowers bloom at night and emit a strong odour. Fruits are coated with a hard, thorny husk which is greenish brown.
Habit: Perennial tree
Cultivation: It is planted by seeds or grafting
Ecological function: The fruits of this tree attract wildlife.
Soil: Sand, loam, clay
Moisture: Moist, well-drained, fertile soils
Shade: No shade
Use: Ripe fruits are eaten raw or cooked. Seeds, flowers, young leaves and shoots are cooked.