Common name: Banana
Malay name: Pisang
Scientific name: Musa sapientum L.
Conservation status: Cultivated, Native to Malaysia
Somewhat palm-like, this plant grows up to around 3 m tall without a woody trunk. The leaves sheaths are spirally arranged and contracts into sturdy midribs, which divide the leaf blades into two halves. When it is flowering, the plant forms a complex structure that includes the flowers that will develop into fruits.
Habit: Perennial herbaceous plant
Cultivation: It is planted by seeds, underground stems or suckers (secondary shoots that give rise to new plants)
Ecological function: As it flowers and fruits all year round, the flowers provide constant source of food for pollinators while the fruits and seeds feed the wildlife. The leaves of this plant provide shelter or materials for nests or roosting wildlife. Its root system converts minerals in soil into forms usable by other plants.
Pollinator: Birds and bats for wild bananas
Soil: Sand, loam, clay, organic soils
Moisture: Moist, well-drained, fertile soils
Shade: No shade, partial shade
Use: The ripe fruits and blossoms are edible. The leaves are used for packing, wrapping and decorative purposes.