Urban Invertebrates: Bees, Wasps and Ants

Bees

They usually have a hairy, round body and their legs are usually hidden when flying. They only sting when provoked.

Ecological function: pollinators

Level in food chain: primary consumer

Feeding behaviour: nectarivore

Microhabitat: sometimes live in colonies in hives

Wasps

The body is slender and narrow-waisted, with little to no hair. Their legs hang down when flying. They only sting when provoked.

Ecological function: prey-predator relationship, pollinator

Level in food chain: secondary consumer

Feeding behaviour: nectarivore, carnivore

Microhabitat: sometimes live in colonies in grounds or in roof spaces

Ants

They have a thin waist and are usually wingless, sometimes divided into smaller workers and larger soldiers. ‘Ant bites’ are usually the acidic stings of ants.

Ecological function: decomposer, scavenger

Level in food chain: primary and secondary consumer

Feeding behaviour: detritovore, omnivore

Microhabitat: almost everywhere