Categories
Species Guide: Urban Wildflowers

Red flame

Red flame, Gempur batu

Hemigraphis reptans

A small creeper that grows close to the ground, usually in shady areas. It has oval leaves covered in rough hairs and growing out of the stem base. The undersides of the leaves are reddish or dark purple. A small, pale purple flower blooms from the central stem.

Status: Introduced (Pacific islands)

Habit: Annual herbaceous

Cultivation: Planted by seeds or transplanting

Ecological Function: Attracts pollinators, ground cover, host plant for butterflies (Junonia hedonia)

Pollinators:  Large bees, small bees, butterflies, wasps and flies

Soil: Sand, clay, loam, organic soils

Moisture: Damp or well-drained soil

Shade: Shade, partial shade

Categories
Species Guide: Urban Wildflowers

Blue pea flower

Blue pea flower, Bunga telang

Clitorea ternatea

A climber with flowers that are usually a deep blue colour with a white centre. It can be found cultivated in homes or growing wild in hedges. It has five to seven oval leaflets and produces small, flat seed pods. The flowers are used as food colouring in Malaysian cooking.

Status: Least concern, Native

Habit: Perennial climber

Cultivation: Planted by seeds or transplanting

Ecological Function: Attracts pollinators, ground cover

Pollinators:  Large bees

Soil: Clay, loam and organic soils

Moisture: Moist soils

Shade: Partial shade, no shade

Categories
Species Guide: Urban Wildflowers

Oriental hawksbeard

Oriental hawksbeard

Youngia japonica

This plant grows close to the ground, with only its yellow attractive flowers growing on long stalks. The flowers open during the day and close when it gets dark.

Status: Least concern, Introduced (East Asian origin)

Habit: Annual herbaceous

Cultivation: Planted by seeds or transplanting

Ecological Function: Attracts pollinators, ground cover

Pollinators:  Large bees, butterflies

Soil: Loam, clay, organic soils

Moisture: Well drained soils

Shade: Partial shade, no shade