A bright orange butterfly with black spots, its hindwing fringed with a white and black border. It flies slow and not very high. Originating from India, this butterfly has naturally expanded its range since the 90’s to include Peninsular Malaysia. Now it is one of the most common butterfly species in cities. Its host plant is primarily passionflowers, but other hosts have also been reported. Adults are commonly seen feeding on sunflower family wildflowers.
Food items: Nectar (as butterfly), host plant (as caterpillar)
Host plants: Passiflora suberosa, Passiflora foetida
Microhabitat: Gardens, roadsides, secondary growth
Ecological Function: Pollinator
Food chain level: Primary consumer
Dispersal: Likely it has limited dispersal range, but it can move through open areas and road verges