Common name: Moringa, Drumstick Tree, Horseradish Tree
Malay name: Gemunggai, Kacang Kelor, Remunggai
Scientific name: Moringa oleifera Lam.
Conservation status: Least concern, Cultivated, Naturalised, Introduced (India)
A small, fast-growing tree that grows 8-10 m tall. Tree crown is umbrella-shaped. Leaves are divided into many small leaflets that move in the slightest breeze. It bears white, sweet-scented flowers. Fruits are long, pointed and three-sided.
Habit: Perennial shrub or tree
Cultivation: It is planted by seeds or cuttings
Ecological function: This plant is planted for erosion control and soil improvement. It is used as living fence, windbreak, shade tree and support for climbing plants. As it is fast growing, it is a good pioneer species for reforestation. Its flowers attract pollinators.
Pollinator: Bees, sunbirds
Soil: Sand, loam, clay
Moisture: Well-drained, fertile soils
Shade: No shade
Use: Edible (flower, seed, seedpod, leaf), seed oil (perfumery, soap-making, lubricant for watches and other fine machinery), ornamental