Urban Invertebrates: Centipedes and Millipedes

Centipedes and Millipedes

Millipedes have two pairs of legs per segment and move slowly. Centipedes have one pair of legs per segment. Millipedes protect themselves by coiling up and producing a yellowish poison. Centipedes have modified front legs that inject venom into their prey.

Millipedes

Ecological function: decomposer

Level in food chain: decomposer

Feeding behaviour: detritivore

Microhabitat:  usually found in rotting material.

Centipedes

Ecological function: predators

Level in food chain: secondary consumer 

Feeding behaviour: carnivore

Microhabitat:  usually found in rotting material.